ORIGIN OF THE CIBAO
CRISTÓBAL COLÓN DISCOVER THE “CIBAO”
With the arrival of Christopher Columbus to this island that he called Hispaniola, at the end of 1492, the colonization process, which lasted for the following years.
Such a process began in The Isabela (name in honor of Queen Isabel of Spain). This place belongs to what is today the city of Puerto Plata, north of the Dominican Republic.
Upon arriving on the island, Christopher Columbus met the local inhabitants, who were the "Taínos", but they were named as "Indians", on the part of the Spaniards, due to the belief of having arrived in India, which was their objective.
As is known, the expedition was looking for riches on that trip, so there were confrontations with the native settlers, who were Taíno. These resisted the intentions of the visitors to appropriate their possessions, without being successful, due to their poor conditions and the superiority of the Spanish armaments.
Once the plaza was secured, to the north of the island, Colón and the rest of the expedition members headed towards the center of the island. They noticed that some "Indians" had small items of gold, which strongly attracted their attention.
According to historians, the Tainos or natives of the island used the native word "Cibao" as a "Place where rocks abound". However, the colonizers used the term "Cibao" when they referred to the northern region of the island, as a "Place where there is a lot of water", due to the large number of rivers that they found in their path. They also used this term as "Place where there is gold", in clear reference to the presence of the material in the region.
The essential objective of Christopher Columbus became the exploitation of the gold deposits of the rivers that they found in the plain o Valley of the Vega Real, just as that area of Cibao Central was designated.
We can also refer to the knowledge of other habits of the taínos, which seemed strange or surprising to the colonizers, such as religious ceremonies and rituals with elaborate idols, the use of handicrafts (vessels and other types of clay containers), the habit of walking around naked, smoking tobacco or chewing its leaf, among other habits unknown to the Spanish.